Researchers at Health must follow AU’s basic principles and disclose all relevant relationships in the final publication or research communication, so that it is clear that the central principles have been complied with. As a minimum, the following must be stated:
In connection with publication of the results of a completed research project, the following applies:
In order to be able to obtain authorship for the scientific publication, the following minimum contribution must have been made:
1. Substantial contributions to the conception or design, data collection, analysis or interpretation of data, and
2. Substantial contributions to the drafting of the publication.
In addition, all authors must approve the final manuscript, which is submitted for peer review, as well as the final published version of the manuscript. Aarhus University expects anyone who acknowledges authorship to also assume responsibility for the scientific integrity of the work as a whole. The degree of responsibility of each author is assessed in relation to their individual role in the research project and in relation to their expertise, experience, seniority, supervisory role and other relevant factors, cf. AU’s policy for research integrity, freedom of research and responsible conduct of research.
Anyone who is credited as an author must fulfil the authorship criteria, and anyone who fulfils the authorship criteria must be credited as an author.
Relinquished authorship, ghost authorship, honorary authorship, guest authorship and planted authorship all constitute a breach of responsible conduct of research.
To increase the uniformity and improve the quality of the reporting of various types of studies, it is a good idea to consult the international guidelines in this area, which are available from the Equator network.
Conflicts of interest are situations in which researchers have financial or other interests that may compromise or influence their research findings. What is decisive in this regard is not whether the research is actually influenced by the conflict of interest, but that there are grounds for suspicion, well-founded or not, that it may have been, cf. the Basic principles for responsible conduct of research and research freedom in regard to collaboration with external parties. All authors must state any conflicts of interest. Conflicts of interest arise when authors or their institutions, reviewers or editors are affected by financial or personal interests, which may influence their judgement and give rise to bias. Potential conflicts of interest may be present even in cases in which an individual believes that an issue does not influence his or her work on a manuscript.
Editors and proof-readers may not work on their own manuscripts or manuscripts from their own organisation, and they should be completely independent of any private companies with interests in the area (economic, advisory board or similar). This rule is intended to ensure that no changes are introduced in the final proof of the manuscript without the approval of the authors.